Clinical Question: During a hospital stay does bed alarms prevent elderly patients from falling?
(Quantitative, Qualitative, Meta-Analysis, Systematic Review, Mixed Methods)
|Implications for Practice
See instructions on the following page.
*If you see statistical analysis in the study, it is quantitative! Qualitative research will use participant’s words to identify themes of human experience. Meta-analysis, systematic reviews, scoping reviews, etc. are also examples of research design. You may also see this referred to as “research methodology”. Most peer-reviewed journals will catch inappropriate use of design or methodology. For instance, a research study investigating a new nurse-led bundle for educating patients about at-home care to reduce hospitalizations in COPD patients would not use a qualitative design, although a study that seeks to identify patient’s perceptions of life with COPD would more appropriate use a qualitative design,
*If study is a meta-analysis or systematic review, the number of prior studies analyzed is the sample
*Methods refers to the tools and techniques used by the researchers. It is the process by which data is collected and analyzed.
This may be in a separate section or the authors may cover this in the Discussion section. Use the words of the authors when possible. You may also include your own identification. Some common limitations are small sample size, publication bias, difficult to replicate study in other settings, sample bias, cultural influences, lack of prior research on topic (think COVID), questionable translation from another language. By using peer-reviewed studies, limitations of research design are reduced,
- Select the five articles from your literature search that best answer your clinical question
- Limit articles to those published within the last five years
- Fill out every item from the required into the Matrix Table
- Type directly into the Worksheet. It will expand as you type
You may see the terms “methods” and “methodology” used interchangeably in various publications or online. However, for this class, consider methods as the specific tools and procedures used to collect and analyze research data. Methodology is the underlying logic or reasons behind the choice of methods for a research project.