Replay to leetal


Understanding the differences between the clinical presentation of depression in older and younger adults is essential when attempting to identify the exact cause of its manifestation. In the older population, for example, depression is commonly mistaken for dementia due to similar characteristics that are displayed between both conditions. More importantly, as practitioners, we must remember that the treatment approach is different for depression and dementia, making it a priority to perform an in-depth assessment for each client. Tetsuka (2021) lists the signs and symptoms of geriatric depression as increased anxiety and irritability, somatic and psychological complaints, sleep disturbance, and sometimes suicide attempts. Interestingly enough, the feature of a depressed mood and psychomotor retardation is not always seen; however, a decrease in interest and pleasure appears to be prominent (Tetsuka, 2021). With all this being said, an important term to familiarize ourselves with is that of pseudodementia or depression-related cognitive dysfunction. Although it is not considered a diagnosis, pseudodementia helps us understand that the cognitive decline in older adults is not merely a direct result of neurodegenerative diseases but that underlying psychiatric etiology very well can be the dominant cause of their change in behavior and or personality (Brodaty & Connors, 2020).

            Younger adults seem to display depressive symptoms in other ways. It usually stems from the transition to adulthood, struggles with identity, stress from both social and occupational areas, and the increase in their responsibilities and obligations in everyday life (Othman & Jaafar, 2020). However, they may also present with similar complaints as how older patients who have depression do, and therefore consideration should be placed on the biopsychosocial factors that have a significant impact on an individual’s overall physical, mental, and emotional health. Symptomology of depression includes anhedonia, feeling sad, empty, or hopeless, sleep disturbances, difficulty concentrating, and feelings of guilt and worthlessness (American Psychiatric Association, [APA], 2013). Looking at it from a biopsychosocial perspective, one can understand the interconnectedness present from frameworks dealing with genetics, neurology, immunology, psychology, and sociology (Remes, Mendes, & Templeton, 2021). When comparing the different etiologies and clinical presentation of depression between older and younger adults, the undeniable truth is found at the core of their internal and external environments. In this case, emotional responses to specific life events and stressors will be presented in various ways, requiring the clinician to assess their clients and provide the best treatment options on a case-by-case basis.

            In reference to the question regarding a person’s right to drive when they have dementia, I find that it depends on the severity of their cognitive impairment. Nevertheless, I would still lean towards that it would be a huge risk not just to the individual driving but other people on the road. Personal and public safety should take precedence while attempting to preserve a person’s independence, connection to the outside world, and quality of life (Stasiulis et al., 2020). While researching this topic, I came upon a study that utilized an assessment strategy to assess/predict the fitness to drive in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies. Each type of dementia involves different cognitive and functional impairments within memory, language, behavior, and visuospatial contexts (Piersma et al., 2018). The assessment strategies in the study were split into three categories: a clinical interview, a neuropsychological assessment, and driving simulator rides. Results showed that about half of the individuals failed the on-road driving assessment making more errors and are at higher risk for unsafe driving. Furthermore, although the neuropsychological assessment was deemed useful in predicting their fitness to drive, initial clinical interviews displayed limited use, possibly due to the lack of the individual’s insight into their own abilities.

Calculate the price of your order

Select your paper details and see how much our professional writing services will cost.

We`ll send you the first draft for approval by at
Price: $36
  • Freebies
  • Format
  • Formatting (MLA, APA, Chicago, custom, etc.)
  • Title page & bibliography
  • 24/7 customer support
  • Amendments to your paper when they are needed
  • Chat with your writer
  • 275 word/double-spaced page
  • 12 point Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double, single, and custom spacing
  • We care about originality

    Our custom human-written papers from top essay writers are always free from plagiarism.

  • We protect your privacy

    Your data and payment info stay secured every time you get our help from an essay writer.

  • You control your money

    Your money is safe with us. If your plans change, you can get it sent back to your card.

How it works

  1. 1
    You give us the details
    Complete a brief order form to tell us what kind of paper you need.
  2. 2
    We find you a top writer
    One of the best experts in your discipline starts working on your essay.
  3. 3
    You get the paper done
    Enjoy writing that meets your demands and high academic standards!

Samples from our advanced writers

Check out some essay pieces from our best essay writers before your place an order. They will help you better understand what our service can do for you.

  • Analysis (any type)
    Advantages and Disadvantages of Lowering the Voting Age to Thirteen
    Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
    Political science
  • Coursework
    Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
    Business Studies
  • Essay (any type)
    Is Pardoning Criminals Acceptable?
    Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
    Criminal Justice

Get your own paper from top experts

Order now

Perks of our essay writing service

We offer more than just hand-crafted papers customized for you. Here are more of our greatest perks.

  • Swift delivery
    Our writing service can deliver your short and urgent papers in just 4 hours!
  • Professional touch
    We find you a pro writer who knows all the ins and outs of your subject.
  • Easy order placing/tracking
    Create a new order and check on its progress at any time in your dashboard.
  • Help with any kind of paper
    Need a PhD thesis, research project, or a two-page essay? For you, we can do it all.
  • Experts in 80+ subjects
    Our pro writers can help you with anything, from nursing to business studies.
  • Calculations and code
    We also do math, write code, and solve problems in 30+ STEM disciplines.

Frequently asked questions

Get instant answers to the questions that students ask most often.

See full FAQ
  • Is there a possibility of plagiarism in my completed order?

    We complete each paper from scratch, and in order to make you feel safe regarding its authenticity, we check our content for plagiarism before its delivery. To do that, we use our in-house software, which can find not only copy-pasted fragments, but even paraphrased pieces of text. Unlike popular plagiarism-detection systems, which are used by most universities (e.g., we do not report to any public databases—therefore, such checking is safe.

    We provide a plagiarism-free guarantee that ensures your paper is always checked for its uniqueness. Please note that it is possible for a writing company to guarantee an absence of plagiarism against open Internet sources and a number of certain databases, but there is no technology (except for itself) that could guarantee no plagiarism against all sources that are indexed by turnitin. If you want to be 100% sure of your paper’s originality, we suggest you check it using the WriteCheck service from and send us the report.

  • I received some comments from my teacher. Can you help me with them?

    Yes. You can have a free revision during 7 days after you’ve approved the paper. To apply for a free revision, please press the revision request button on your personal order page. You can also apply for another writer to make a revision of your paper, but in such a case, we can ask you for an additional 12 hours, as we might need some time to find another writer to work on your order.

    After the 7-day period, free revisions become unavailable, and we will be able to propose only the paid option of a minor or major revision of your paper. These options are mentioned on your personal order page.

  • How will I receive a completed paper?

    You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions. If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.
  • Where do I upload files?

    When you submit your first order, you get a personal account where you can track all your orders, their statuses, your payments, and discounts. Among other options, you will have a possibility to communicate with your writer via a special messenger. You will be able to upload all information and additional materials on your paper using the “Files” tab on your personal page. Please consider uploading everything you find necessary for our writer to perform at the highest standard.
See full FAQ

Take your studies to the next level with our experienced specialists

Live Chat+1 (857) 777-1210 EmailWhatsApp