The self-efficacy idea has drawn a lot of interest as a behavioral change and self-care management predictor in educational and medical research. This might in part be attributable to the paradigm change in health care from a disease-centered (pathogenic) to a health-centered (salutogenic) approach. Instead of focusing on detecting issues or diseases and solely trying to treat them, the salutogenic orientation emphasizes personal well-being and an ideal state of health as the ultimate goals and seeks to achieve these [31, 32]. The feeling of coherence, one of the key ideas in the salutogenic theory, refers to a person’s capacity to use both current and future resources to reduce stress and advance health.  

The three criteria Antonovsky [32] compared to the three conditions for self-efficacious behavior—self-efficacy beliefs, behavioral efficacy beliefs, and the value of anticipated outcomes [33]—are how one’s perception of the behavior’s outcome (meaningfulness), their belief that the behavior will actually result in that outcome (comprehensibility), and their ability to carry it out successfully. The salutogenic method shares many characteristics with Bandura’s self-efficacy theory [1], which emphasized the critical role that perceived self-efficacy plays in the decision of behavioral settings [34,35,36,37]. 

In a recent study, it was discovered that self-efficacy was positively correlated with feeling of coherence; this correlation was largest in those with poor sense of coherence [38]. Additionally, it has been discovered that self-efficacy either acts as a mediator between other psychological characteristics and health behavior [42, 43] or has a strong direct effect on behaviors [39,40,41]. 

Use of Self-Efficacy in Health Promotion Among Patients with Chronic Illness. 

Higher levels of self-efficacy to manage one’s own chronic conditions are linked to higher health-related quality of life (QoL) for patients with chronic medical conditions (such as sickle cell disease, asthma, cardiovascular disease (CVD), inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer), reduced perceived stress [49,50,51], fewer anxiety and depressive symptoms [47, 48, 52], lower symptom severity [48, 53], and also predict symptom resolution [49]. Higher self-efficacy was positively correlated with mental and physical health related in mental illness research looking at unipolar and bipolar disorders [54, 55]. Similar findings were made in investigations of bipolar and unipolar illnesses. In contrast, a study on multi-morbid primary care patients found that lower self-efficacy and a greater disease load are associated with lower quality of life (QoL) [56]. The complicated nature of addressing patient self-efficacy is highlighted by the notable bidirectional association between a few variables and outcomes. 

Role of Self-Efficacy in Nursing Education. 

Regarding nursing education and training, self-efficacy is also applied in the healthcare sector. Nursing students who get effective clinical training should develop a sense of self-efficacy, which is essential for operating autonomously and competently in the nursing profession [123,124,125]. Individual perceived self-efficacy affects students’ clinical performance, course completion, and achievement incentives [125,126,127]. Strong feeling of self-efficacy and job satisfaction are essential in avoiding attrition in the nursing profession [126, 129] since Bandura [128] asserts that students with low self-efficacy will seek to avoid situations that led to earlier failures. Lastly, in order to deliver high-quality healthcare and guarantee patient safety, future healthcare practitioners must have clinical self-efficacy and competency [125]. 


The self-efficacy theory interacts with other psychological theories to impact behavioral changes that promote health in a variety of contexts. The use of self-efficacy in a variety of nursing contexts ultimately comes down to improving patient safety, health promotion, and healthcare quality. The idea of self-efficacy has been crucial in predicting people’s physical and psychological welfare, abilities, and self-care management. It has also frequently served as a theoretical underpinning for clinical and educational interventions that are already in use. Despite the well-established literature base, new research on the connection between sense of coherence and self-efficacy as well as the gradual transition of the health care paradigm to a salutogenic orientation show that future nursing research must continue to tailor and improve methods to improve self-efficacy. 

Calculate the price of your order

Select your paper details and see how much our professional writing services will cost.

We`ll send you the first draft for approval by at
Price: $36
  • Freebies
  • Format
  • Formatting (MLA, APA, Chicago, custom, etc.)
  • Title page & bibliography
  • 24/7 customer support
  • Amendments to your paper when they are needed
  • Chat with your writer
  • 275 word/double-spaced page
  • 12 point Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double, single, and custom spacing
  • We care about originality

    Our custom human-written papers from top essay writers are always free from plagiarism.

  • We protect your privacy

    Your data and payment info stay secured every time you get our help from an essay writer.

  • You control your money

    Your money is safe with us. If your plans change, you can get it sent back to your card.

How it works

  1. 1
    You give us the details
    Complete a brief order form to tell us what kind of paper you need.
  2. 2
    We find you a top writer
    One of the best experts in your discipline starts working on your essay.
  3. 3
    You get the paper done
    Enjoy writing that meets your demands and high academic standards!

Samples from our advanced writers

Check out some essay pieces from our best essay writers before your place an order. They will help you better understand what our service can do for you.

  • Analysis (any type)
    Advantages and Disadvantages of Lowering the Voting Age to Thirteen
    Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
    Political science
  • Coursework
    Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
    Business Studies
  • Essay (any type)
    Is Pardoning Criminals Acceptable?
    Undergrad. (yrs 1-2)
    Criminal Justice

Get your own paper from top experts

Order now

Perks of our essay writing service

We offer more than just hand-crafted papers customized for you. Here are more of our greatest perks.

  • Swift delivery
    Our writing service can deliver your short and urgent papers in just 4 hours!
  • Professional touch
    We find you a pro writer who knows all the ins and outs of your subject.
  • Easy order placing/tracking
    Create a new order and check on its progress at any time in your dashboard.
  • Help with any kind of paper
    Need a PhD thesis, research project, or a two-page essay? For you, we can do it all.
  • Experts in 80+ subjects
    Our pro writers can help you with anything, from nursing to business studies.
  • Calculations and code
    We also do math, write code, and solve problems in 30+ STEM disciplines.

Frequently asked questions

Get instant answers to the questions that students ask most often.

See full FAQ
  • Is there a possibility of plagiarism in my completed order?

    We complete each paper from scratch, and in order to make you feel safe regarding its authenticity, we check our content for plagiarism before its delivery. To do that, we use our in-house software, which can find not only copy-pasted fragments, but even paraphrased pieces of text. Unlike popular plagiarism-detection systems, which are used by most universities (e.g., we do not report to any public databases—therefore, such checking is safe.

    We provide a plagiarism-free guarantee that ensures your paper is always checked for its uniqueness. Please note that it is possible for a writing company to guarantee an absence of plagiarism against open Internet sources and a number of certain databases, but there is no technology (except for itself) that could guarantee no plagiarism against all sources that are indexed by turnitin. If you want to be 100% sure of your paper’s originality, we suggest you check it using the WriteCheck service from and send us the report.

  • I received some comments from my teacher. Can you help me with them?

    Yes. You can have a free revision during 7 days after you’ve approved the paper. To apply for a free revision, please press the revision request button on your personal order page. You can also apply for another writer to make a revision of your paper, but in such a case, we can ask you for an additional 12 hours, as we might need some time to find another writer to work on your order.

    After the 7-day period, free revisions become unavailable, and we will be able to propose only the paid option of a minor or major revision of your paper. These options are mentioned on your personal order page.

  • How will I receive a completed paper?

    You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions. If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.
  • Where do I upload files?

    When you submit your first order, you get a personal account where you can track all your orders, their statuses, your payments, and discounts. Among other options, you will have a possibility to communicate with your writer via a special messenger. You will be able to upload all information and additional materials on your paper using the “Files” tab on your personal page. Please consider uploading everything you find necessary for our writer to perform at the highest standard.
See full FAQ

Take your studies to the next level with our experienced specialists

Live Chat+1 (857) 777-1210 EmailWhatsApp